Author Archive

5 Most Common Sports Injuries Of The Leg

Monday, December 2nd, 2013

Every athlete knows that an injury can happen at any time. Despite the health benefits of staying active, intense physical sports put your body at risk. Whether you play tackle football or race bicycles, you never know when an injury will occur. Injuries can put you out of commission for a long time, which is why it is important to play safe and be prepared. An orthopedic doctor can offer information and treatment options for existing injuries to help prevent further damage.

Tendonitis Of The Achilles

The Achilles tendon is particularly vulnerable to injury. It is the most important tendon for all leg activity, but overuse can lead to tendonitis. Tendonitis causes inflammation, making it nearly impossible to run or jump. Treating tendonitis requires the aid of a reliable orthopedic specialist. Anti-inflammatory creams and medications can help to relieve the pain, but it takes physical therapy to fully overcome Achilles tendonitis.

Runner’s Knee

Bending of the knee is a great way to strengthen leg muscle and joints, but like anything, overuse can lead to injury. Runner’s knee occurs when the knee joint is bent too frequently, and the strain causes severe pain in the muscles surrounding the knee cap. Chronic runner’s knee can lead to bone displacement, causing the knee cap to move in ways it should not. Once the knee cap is allowed to become displaced, it greatly increases the risk of a recurring injury.


Many sports put strain on the legs, but the heels take all that pressure first. This can lead to inflammation of the heel. Just walking with fasciitis can be extremely painful, so it is crucial to keep your heels safe with supportive shoes. Proper heel stretching can help to relieve pain, as well as anti-inflammatory medications.


High intensity sports can require a dangerous amount of joint rotation. Ankle sprains occur more than any other leg injury, because all of the strain of motion is centered on the ankles and knees. Stretching is important, but an ankle can easily be stretched too far, causing the ligaments to tear. A simple sprain should heal over time, but without rest and recovery, you might be at risk of developing a long term problem.


Splints happen when the legs are over worked. Fast paced sports, such as basketball, can lead to splints. Runners can also experience shin splints regularly. The best way to prevent splints is with quality running shoes that provide good support. Stretching and icing the leg muscles can also prevent splints and reduce the pain of existing problems.


Leg injuries are a common part of any intense sport. Untreated or poorly treated injuries can lead to life long problems. Call us today if you have any injuries and would like to know what your treatment options are.

How to Avoid Weight Gain After Knee Surgery

Monday, November 11th, 2013

After taking the vital step towards restoring the ability to enjoy life again, knee surgery patients face another challenge: weight gain. According to a study conducted by the University of Delaware and published in the journal “Osteoarthritis & Cartilage“, 66% of patients gained an average of 15 pounds within 2 years of surgery. Added weight puts extra pressure on the bad knee and increases the likelihood of injuring the healthy knee. For these reasons, it is imperative to balance caloric intake with caloric expenditure by adopting healthy eating habits and staying active after orthopedic surgery.

There are many simple ways to modify eating habits in order to reduce calorie consumption. High fiber foods such as beans, fruits, and vegetables should be eaten regularly. They are a great source of fiber, which takes longer to process in the digestive tract. This results in a feeling of fullness that will last for a long period of time. Lean protein like fish and chicken also have a similar affect on the body. The amount of simple carbohydrates, found in food such as white pasta and bread, should be decreased. They may also be replaced with complex carbohydrates that contain more fiber. This type of carbohydrate can be found in whole wheat and whole grain products.

There are other ways to decrease caloric intake without having to change food choices. Drinking a glass of water before a meal fills the stomach and may lead to a decrease in the amount of food eaten. Water also eases hunger due to dehydration. Eating slower reduces the intake of calories because it takes the brain approximately 20 minutes to register fullness. By eating slower, awareness can be given to the body’s true signs of satiety.

Staying active is also important but hard to do, especially since pain is prominent after surgery; however, it is an essential part in preventing weight gain. In many cases, activities can be started roughly 3 months after surgery, but should be kept low impact. Some great low impact activities include walking and cycling, which are great at building knee strength, and swimming and rowing, which burns calories without putting added stress on the knee. No matter what form of exercise is chosen, it should be eased into gradually and increased over time.

Weight gain after knee surgery does not have to be the norm. Simply by changing or modifying eating habits and incorporating exercise into the day, patients do not have to be part of the 66% statistic. This also means added weight will not put excess pressure on the knees and increase the chance of injury, allowing life to be experienced once more.

The benefits of Partial Knee Replacement vs Full Knee Replacement

Sunday, November 3rd, 2013

Partial Knee Replacement Offers Many Advantages Over Total Knee Replacement

The number of Americans undergoing knee replacement surgery has increased steadily over the past decade. The aging population is contributing significantly to the demand for this surgery which, statistics show, is performed on over 200 people out of every 100,000 annually. Many doctors are now recommending partial knee replacement for a number of different reasons.

Knee replacement is indicated when osteoarthritis that results from years of wear and tear causes the joints and the bone below them to degenerate. The degeneration can result in stiffness, decreased range of motion and pain in the affected joint. A family tendency toward knee problems, obesity, injuries or some diseases are some of the common reasons osteoarthritis occurs.

Knee replacement is typically recommended for patients who are experiencing a dramatic loss of range of motion as well as severe pain due to the degeneration. Many doctors and patients now are choosing partial knee replacement rather than total knee replacement because of its numerous advantages.

In a partial knee replacement, the inside medial or the outside lateral section of the knee is replaced rather than the entire knee. The major benefit of having a partial knee replacement is the much shorter surgery recovery time. A patient who has had a full knee replacement can expect to spend a minimum of six weeks in recovery with associated physical therapy lasting several more months. The patient who has a partial knee replacement may find that recovery and physical therapy allow him to resume normal activities in under a month.

A patient who has a partial knee replacement operation can expect the knee repair to last at least 10 years. The expected lifetime of a full knee replacement procedure may be somewhat longer at 15 years, but that isn’t guaranteed. Many partial knee replacement patients report that their knees feel normal for the first time in years.

Knee replacement surgery has risks, as does any invasive surgery. The formation of blood clots is the most common risk factor, for which doctors have many treatment options. Unsuccessful surgery may mean that a total knee replacement will be necessary sooner than expected.

An aging population means that knees, like hips and other joints, are starting to wear out. Patients who are experiencing serious pain in their knees should consult with a surgeon about the necessity of knee replacement when pain and difficulty moving starts interfering with everyday life. A partial knee replacement procedure can be the best choice a patient makes.

Have Questions?

If you are unsure whether a partial knee replacement or a full knee replacement is right for you or a loved one, give us a call at:



What Body Parts are Replaceable

Wednesday, October 30th, 2013



Do you know what is replaceable in your body?


Typically when a person has osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or a complicated fracture, the should joint can be replaced. These typically last between 12 and 20 years.


The elbow can be replaced with a prosthesis. The replacement of the elbow tends to have more complications than other joint replacements and usually only lasts up to 10 years.


Wrist replacements are very rare and only make up about 1% of all orthopedic surgeries every year.


The most commonly replaced part of people of 60 is the hip joint. The hip joint connects the femur (largest bone in the body) to the pelvis with a ball and socket joint. The replacement typically lasts 15 to 20 years.


The knee is by far the most replaced body part with more than double the amount of hip replacement surgeries done every year. You can expect a knee replacement to last from 10 to 15 years.


Just like the wrist, an ankle replacement is very rare.



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AOI At Crossfit Throwdown

Saturday, October 26th, 2013

Come by and see us at the Crossfit Warehouse Throwdown competition being held today at the Pharr Events Center. AOI is proud to help sponsor this event. Pictured here working the booth today are AOI girls Danielle, Shelly, and Crystal. Let us know if you are there!


AOI at Crossfit Throwdown

How Durable Are Hip and Knee Replacement Prosthetics?

Thursday, October 24th, 2013

Hip and knee replacements surgeries are a must for thousands of people every year. Without these replacements, many patients may never walk again; leaving them without the ability to fully enjoy life. Hip and knee replacement prosthetics come into the picture once the affected patient’s doctor decides that the patient’s hip or knee is no longer capable of normal day to day activities; but how durable are they, and how long will they last?

Surviving the Test of Time

Since the longevity and durability of a prosthetic joint is going to be the primary concern for the medical professional and his or her patient, it is amazing to find that many prosthetic hip and knee replacements can last for 15 to 20 years, or even longer! As long as the prosthetic joint is surgically placed correctly and taken care of during the healing process, there is a large chance that the afflicted individual will go for over a decade with a very satisfactory performance from his or her prosthetic joint.

What Will Hinder the Lifespan of A Hip or Knee Replacement Prosthetic?

Like with many operations, prosthetic replacements, and other health intervention treatments, the patient has a very large influence on how well the prosthetic joint will perform over time. If an individual is unhealthy and does not take care of him or herself sufficiently (whether it is dieting, exercising, disease management, etc), they will be reducing the lifespan and effectiveness of the prosthetic joint. No matter what, poor health will always hinder the success rate of any operation or health management attempt.

Activity and weight will play a role in how long a replacement will last as well, because both of these factors can place a lot of stress on the prosthetic hip or knee implant. Should an individual be extremely active, the joint will face much more wear and tear than it would if the patient lead a semi-active or sedentary lifestyle. Weight puts a lot of stress on replacement joints as well; if a patient is overweight, losing weight will greatly improve the performance and longevity of the prosthetic joint.

Moving Forward

As many patients will learn, hip and knee replacement prosthetics are already long-lasting, durable options for a bad hip or knee. With the current advancements in medicine, these prosthetic joints will soon be evolving to last longer and support much more stress and activity. As the race continues, more and more patients are being rewarded with the ability to enjoy an active, independent, and fulfilling life.

What determines the need for a total knee replacement?

Tuesday, October 22nd, 2013

A total knee replacement can help a patient feel well again and allow them to live a full life. While this is the case, it is not always necessary, and one must understand the risks and rewards. With that being said, here are four ways to decide if a person needs a total knee replacement.

Persistent: Many patients experience pain for a long time before they try to have surgery. Sadly, many suffer needlessly when they ignore the pain thinking it is part of the aging process. In fact, many ignore the pain until it is too much and they cannot sleep or live their life without wincing in pain. For this reason, when a person suffers from pain months on end, they should head to an orthopedic surgeon who can determine the problem and find a solution. Remember, a lot of pain is not natural, and one must explore their options to the fullest.

Difficulty walking or climbing stairs: Many patients notice a gradual slowdown in their capabilities over time. While this is, to an extent, natural, one should still not have problems climbing stairs or walking. If this happens, an individual must look at getting his or her knee replaced as it will help a person walk up the stairs or down the street with ease.

Motion: When a person sees a decrease in motion, they have a severe problem. To fix this, surgery is an excellent option as one can restore their knee to the previous condition and feel good again. This is often overlooked as most people do not notice a slight difference in motion over the years. However, when this happens quickly, a patient must head to a local doctor and find a solution soon.

Medication will not work: With knee pain, people often try different solutions to fix their problem. This is natural as most people do not want to go under the knife or have a drastic lifestyle change to feel better. However, when medication will not help a patient, it is time to explore more drastic options. Luckily, with a knee replacement surgery, a patient can feel amazing without needing painkillers to get rid of the constant pain.

When dealing with a lot of pain in the knees, some people foolishly ignore the symptoms. This is a mistake, and a patient should consider getting a total knee replacement as it will make a big difference.

What is the difference between sports medicine and physical therapy?

Saturday, October 19th, 2013

sports-clinic-soccerSports medicine and physical therapy are frequently confused for being the same thing. Understandably so since both focus on healing injuries of the muscles and bones. However, sports medicine and physical therapy have distinct differences.

First and foremost, in order to practice sports medicine one must have a medical degree and additional required post-graduate medical education such as a residency and/or a fellowship. A physician who practices sports medicine is a fully-licensed physician who can diagnose and prescribe medications. He or she has chosen this field as a specialty and much of their day-to-day patients are being seen for sports related injuries and conditions. Although some sports medicine specialists may provide some hands-one therapies, a significant portion of the practice may involve ordering diagnostic tests such as x-rays and MRIs, diagnosing injuries and disorders, referring patients to sub-specialists, referring patients to physical therapists for specialized therapy, performing in-office procedures and prescribing medications to treat sports related injuries.

Physical therapy is provided by a physical therapist that has achieved the requisite education and satisfied the requirements for the state in which he or she practices. A physical therapist does not need to attend medical school. However, many physical therapists have many hours of experience providing physical therapy as an assistant before becoming credentialed. Physical therapy can be prescribed for a wide array of injuries and disorders, not only sports-related ailments. Physical therapy focuses on healing with non-invasive techniques. Arguably, physical therapy is a more hands-on approach as compared to sports medicine simply because the nature of the specialty – therapy involves assessing a patient’s current physical abilities, helping the patient learn appropriate physical therapy techniques, ensuring that the patient can practice techniques on their own and then reassessing the patient’s progress. Essentially, physical therapists are able to see the natural progression of healing while working with a patient over a length of time.

Inevitably, if one has a concern regarding any part of the skeletal system, an orthopedic surgeon may be the first choice since they specialize in disorders of the bone. A sports medicine physician is likely the best option for a sports-related injury, and ultimately, he or she may recommend physical therapy as part of the treatment plan. Once a diagnosis is made by a medical doctor, the patient and doctor can discuss the treatment options available.

What To Expect After Orthopedic Surgery

Tuesday, October 15th, 2013

What a patient should expect after orthopedic surgery depends on the type of orthopedic surgery he or she has. The experience can range from some minor discomfort to a very long and uncertain recuperation. Some kinds of orthopedic surgery, like laparoscopic surgeries, are outpatient procedures where the patient can go home soon after the operation. Here’s what to expect after some orthopedic surgeries:

Hip Fracture

This might mean an avulsion fracture, where stress on the muscle actually tears away some of the bone from the pelvis or an actual fracture in the femur. The bone will be set in a cast and the patient will need rest to rest for up to three months. An avulsion fracture might heal in that period of time, but if the femur is fractured it might take up to a year for the bone to heal. If surgery has been used to fix the bone, the patient may need to use crutches for up to six weeks. The physician may also recommend the patient to a therapist after a hip fracture has healed.

Hamstring Injury

These are injuries to the three muscles at the back of the thigh. They will affect a person’s ability to walk and run. If the muscle ruptures, it may require surgery to suture the tear. The patient might also need to wear a leg brace and rest for about four to six weeks. After the muscle is healed, the doctor might recommend him or her to a physical therapist. The patient might have to use crutches for a while until he or she can walk without a limp.

Collarbone Fracture

A fractured collarbone will need to be realigned and helped to heal with low intensity pulsed ultrasound therapy. The arm will need to be held in a sling for three to six weeks. The surgeon will also take X-rays regularly to make sure that the bone is healing properly. After the arm is out of the sling, the physician might again recommend physical therapy.

In many cases of orthopedic surgery, the patient stays in a recovery room for about an hour or an hour and half. They should have made arrangements for someone to drive him or her home from the clinic or the hospital and have someone stay with him or her for the first day or so after the surgery. The doctor will prescribe pain medication. These might be opioids or NSAIDS. If the patient needs to stay in bed for a long time, he or she will be monitored to guard against deep vein thrombosis. This might necessitate the patient wearing compression garments and blood thinners. The patient will also be encouraged to move around soon after the operation.

AOI to Sponsor Independence Day Throwdown Crossfit Competition

Saturday, July 6th, 2013

AOI is proud to help sponsor the 2nd annual Independence Day Throwdown Crossfit Competition taking place at Crossfit Rockkore Edinburg. Come on by and support the AOI teams or give us a Like for a Good Luck! AOI’s Carla Saenz and Cindy Quiroz will be competing.